The Lagotto Romagnolo is a rare breed that originated in Italy. These dogs were bred for the unique purpose of seeking out valuable truffles. This is the only type of dog bred for this purpose! The breeds descendants were water dogs who retrieved fowl, thus the Lagotto has many features of these types of dogs. The Lagotto Romagnolo is also called the Romagna Water Dog or the Italian Truffle Dog. This breed is still very rare in the United States and is recognized by the F.C.I.